Part 4: Methodologies for sustainable fashion and social entrepreneurship

Methodologies for sustainable fashion and social entrepreneurship as role play to learn problem solving, critical thinking and time management


In this module, we are going to introduce the topic of sustainable fashion. We are going to take a look at what changes one can make in their own lives in order to be more conscious about sustainable fashion choices. We will discuss alternative materials, and methods on how we can reduce waste and overconsumption.

Social entrepreneurship is an approach which focuses on recognizing issues that are affecting our societies and finding entrepreneurial solutions for them. Issues related to the fashion industry are often solved by this approach, therefore in this module we also take a look into the principles of social entrepreneurship.

After completing this module, we expect you to have a deeper insight into the topics of sustainable fashion and social entrepreneurship while also developing crucial skills connected to the topic such as problem-solving, critical thinking and time management.

Sustainable Fashion

About sustainable fashion

Sustainable fashion refers to clothing that is designed, manufactured, distributed, and used in an ecologically and socially responsible matter.

Why is sustainable fashion so important?

Sustainable fashion has both direct and indirect effects on our life. On everybody’s life – with no exception.

  1. We – at least the majority of humanity – live in societies where we use clothing to cover up. In many places clothing is also part of our self-expression – to our communication. How we want to show ourselves and what we want to share with others about ourselves.
    Clothing is an opportunity to show where we belong – (ethnical, subgroups. etc) and has a cultural – traditional meaning as well. Also, it touches our skin every day – most hours of the day, therefore it does matter what type of material touches you – as skin is our first way to connect ourselves to the world.
    This is the direct effect that fashion choices have on our life.
  2. The indirect effect of it comes with the environmental and social effects the industry creates. The environmental impact of fast fashion comprises the depletion of non-renewable sources, emission of greenhouse gasses and the use of massive amounts of water and energy. This is a completely unsustainable system that the fashion industry has been causing for years around us – without guilt. Today’s fashion industry promotes over-consumerism – this is what fast fashion is built on. Furthermore, the production of clothes within the framework of the fast fashion concept raises a lot of ethical questions – on how it affects people who work in the industry and our society in general.


To sum up, the fast fashion industry has many levels and complex issues which affect all of us in different ways. We all need to start acting in order to make the industry more sustainable by educating ourselves, making more conscious choices and supporting brands that are aiming to create more sustainable solutions.

What makes a cloth sustainable?

Sustainable clothing is a complex idea that has many different layers. Clothing can be sustainable by personal choices – when an individual is deciding to re/start and redesign her/his priority list according to sustainable clothing matters.
Clothing can be sustainable if the material itself is sustainable. It can be made from upcycled material or the material itself can be recyclable. There are also natural materials that are composting easier and that are not produced in a way that is harming the environment. Fashion can be also sustainable if the business model that a certain brand is based on is sustainable. This is the basic idea of social enterprises of the fashion industry.

Sustainable fashion Dictionary

Let’s see some concepts of sustainable fashion!

How can you make your wardrobe sustainable?

There are many opportunities, luckily how you can already make your own wardrobe more sustainable.

Capsule wardrobe

This option might not be for all – but if you are familiar with minimalism, you might find this idea sympathetic. In this case, you can find many interesting challenges online. The most famous one is the 33 pieces challenge.
In this challenge, you are only allowed to have 33 pieces of clothing (underwear and shoes are not necessarily counted). You can have a winter and summer capsule wardrobe!

Color Styling / Styling

If you know your style and colors, more likely you will choose wiser when it comes to clothing. If you have not yet been a stylist and you are not sure about what colors fit you the best and what type of style goes with you, I suggest you visit professionals. Self-awareness is a really big part of conscious living. It helps us to make conscious choices – regarding also our clothing.


As it was mentioned above – the self-awareness journey is a big part if we want to live more sustainably. Dedicate time for a coach or therapy/ group work if you need and get on this journey with yourself to support a more sustainable lifestyle.


In order to make conscious choices you need to plan ahead. The world that we live in at the moment is not designed for planning long term. Consumerism, advertisements are urging us to make decisions out of impulse. We “need to” buy new and newer every day. We “need to” follow the trends. If we plan ahead, we can avoid unnecessary spendings – so we will have fewer items at home.

Personal challenges

If you make up your mind and you decide to create a sustainable lifestyle for yourself you can create your own mini-challenges. I suggest you also make it out loud – so you keep yourself accountable!

  • Few example:
    Do not buy clothes for a week/ 1 month / 3 months / 1 year….
  • Buy only secondhand for a month
  • For 1 month only cloth swapping is allowed
  • You learn how to sew with the machine

The list is endless – let your creativity open up!

Activities - Get familiar with your own wardrobe!


  • To become familiar with your own clothing
  • To realize what kind of materials you are wearing
  • To learn about the materials you are wearing and be able to make more conscious choices about handling them

Total duration
20 minutes


  1. Draw a picture of your wardrobe. Use colorful pencils so that you can also see what are the main colors in your wardrobe.
  2. Create a list of every piece of clothing item you own. Put them in categories – e.g. pants, t-shirts, shirts, dresses, shoes, etc. Count how many pieces of clothing you have in each category.
  3. Pick 10 different pieces of clothing from your wardrobe. Choose ones that you wear for different seasons and that are made of different materials.
    – Check the clothes you selected. Look at the label and see what materials it is made of. If you are not familiar with the materials, look it up! How do they produce that given material?
    – Check on the label how your clothes should be handled. At what temperature should you wash them? Can you wash them in a machine or not? Does the way you handle your clothes align with the description on the label?
  4. Create a personal challenge for yourself! You can see some examples in the previous part of the module, but you can create your own as well! Start the challenge tomorrow!

Papers, colorful pencils, markers

Further resources

Part 3: Methodologies for creative tinkering